Updated on Saturday 14th January 2023

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Our specialists in Luxembourg provide a wide range of financial services for local and foreign individuals and companies interested in setting up investment funds and other types of businesses in this country. Below, investors can find the extensive list of the main services offered to our clients. 

Wealth management in Luxembourg

This service is specially designed for international businessmen handling complex businesses in many countries and operating with large amounts of money. In order to manage their wealth, they can set up a SPF (société de participations financières), also known as a wealth management company, and benefit from a special taxation regime. Our financial specialists may also help you with wealth planning and opening two types of entities related to this objective:  SOPARFI and SPF.

Asset protection in Luxembourg

Luxembourg offers important means for asset protection as it is one of the most important financial hubs in Europe. The individuals and companies interested in asset protection should know they can benefit from the favorable taxation system and the financial solutions offered by our local specialists. They will help you invest your assets in order to grow your revenue on a medium and long term.

Open SPF in Luxembourg

Foreign investors can open a SPF (société de participations financières) in Luxembourg in order to manage their wealth, but they are not allowed to perform any commercial activity through this type of entity. They can only buy, sell, hold or manage different types of financial assets and will benefit from exemptions from paying the corporate tax, the municipal business tax and the net wealth tax. The owner of a SPF must pay an annual tax of 0.25% on the amount of the paid-up capital and the share premiums. When opening a Luxembourg fund through a SPF, the following will apply: 

  • the SPF in Luxembourg can be formed as a limited liability company, a public limited company or a limited partnership by shares;
  • if the SPF takes the form of a limited liability company, its minimum share capital must be of EUR 12,000;
  • in the case of the other two business forms, the minimum share capital is established at EUR 30,000;
  • the SPF in Luxembourg can have its share capital deposited in any type of currency;
  • it is also necessary to know that this structure is exempted from the payment of the value added tax.   

Establish SIF in Luxembourg

The specialized investment fund (SIF) in Luxembourg can hold different types of assets, such as: hedge funds, real estate, bonds, securities etc. This type of entity is a flexible one that offers a very good taxation regime for investors. The SIF can be incorporated as a common fund known as FCP (fonds commun de placement) or investment company (SICAV or SICAF).

This type of fund must be managed by another entity because it doesn’t have legal personality. The shareholders of a SIF must have a minimum capital share of EUR 1,250,000. The annual subscription tax for this type of fund is 0.01% of the net asset value. Some of the advantages of the SIF in Luxembourg are presented below: 

  • the SIF in Luxembourg can invest in all types and classes of assets;
  • it is addressed to well-informed investors, which refer to institutional investors or professional investors;
  • however, this type of fund is also available for investors who do not fall into the above mentioned category;
  • for example, an eligible investor of a SIF in Luxembourg can be a person who can invest a minimum sum of EUR 125,000;
  • the investor of a local SIF can also be an entity that was approved by a banking institution. 
Those who will set up a SIF in Luxembourg must be approved by the CSSF. The application can be processed rather fast and investors can obtain the necessary approval based on the information submitted with the institution. 
For this, the constitutional documents of the fund must be presented, as well as the details of the depositary bank of choice, along with the details of the persons appointed as directors.  

Open a SICAR in Luxembourg

Our team of financial specialists may also assist in opening a SICAR in Luxembourg - in French, known as société d'investissement en capital à risqué; this type of entity defines an investment company in risk capital. This type of company is suitable for private equity and venture capital investment and it can act as an umbrella company, holding many sub-funds. The shares of a SICAR can be listed on the Stock Exchange under certain conditions. For more details, you may address to our specialists in Luxembourg. However, investors must consider that the SICAR in Luxembourg has the following tax advantages: 

  • the distributions of dividends of a SICAR in Luxembourg are not imposed with the withholding tax;
  • in the case of an income obtained from transferable securities, the corporate income tax will not apply;
  • however, other types of income obtained by this investment structure can be imposed with a corporate tax of 28,59%;
  • the SICAR can also be exempted from the payment of the value added tax;
  • this is the case of the management services received by a local SICAR; 
  • this type of structure is exempted from the payment of the subscription tax and of the wealth tax. 
The SICAR in Luxembourg is regulated under the Luxembourg Law of 15 June 2004 (SICAR Law), and the Law of 12 July 2013 – the law on Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM).
In certain situations, this type of fund must comply with the rules of the Regulation (EU) 2017/1131 referring to money market funds. Investors must also observe the rules provided by the Anti-Money Laundering Law. 

Set up SICAV in Luxembourg 

The SICAV (Société d’Investissement à Capital Variable) is used as an investment company with variable capital and it is a type of UCI (Luxembourg investment fund). Each of its sub-funds must have a different investment policy and the minimum capital share for opening a SICAV is EUR 1,250,000. The activity of every SICAV is monitored by CSSF (Commission du Surveillance du Secteur Financier)


Establish SICAF in Luxembourg 

The SICAF in Luxembourg is also known as the investment company with fixed capital and it can be used in order to open an undertaking for collective investments in this country. The minimum capital share required is EUR 1,250,000 and this amount must be deposited within six months from the incorporation. After opening this type of fund, you will need the approval of the supervisory authority CSSF. The investors who choose to open a SICAF can benefit from tax exemptions, such as for income tax, net wealth tax and VAT.


What are the common traits of SICAVs and SICAFs in Luxembourg?

Although the two structures differ when referring to their capital (fixed versus variable), the two investment structures have a set of similarities. As a general rule, both structures allow to be registered by any type of investors, as long as they are formed as UCITS vehicles. However, the SICAV and the SICAF in Luxembourg can also be formed as specialized investment funds, in which case they must be registered only by qualified investors. 
They both have to be registered under a legal entity, and a business structure that is available for both types of funds is the public limited company. In the case of a SICAF in Luxembourg, additional business forms are available, but the SICAV can only be registered as a public limited company. 
Another common characteristic available for this structure is the fact that they both must have their registered office in Luxembourg; the place of management and control must also be set up in this country. They are also legally entitled to appoint a custodian bank and, from a legal point of view, they can also regulate the distribution of dividends to their investors in a free manner (respecting the limitations specified by the articles of association).  

Setting up UCI and UCITS in Luxembourg 

In Luxembourg, you have the possibility to set up a UCI (undertaking for collective investment), that is a type of investment fund opened in order to obtain income from multiple investments, and UCITS (undertakings for collective investment in transferable shares) – special funds for investing different types of liquid financial assets.  


Why open an investment fund in Luxembourg? 

Selecting a specific market for opening an investment fund can be a challenging task, considering that there are numerous jurisdictions that are known for their solid financial market and investor-oriented policies. Opening an investment fund in Luxembourg can be an appealing idea, as the local market represents one of the most developed financial markets available at a global level, with a long tradition in this industry. Besides this, foreign investors should also consider the following: 
  • the banking sector in Luxembourg had a net profit of EUR 4,819 million at the level of 2016;
  • equity funds in Luxembourg held assets with a total value of EUR 1.1 billion (third quarter of 2016);
  • in 2017, there were 300 insurance companies operating in Luxembourg;
  • the assets under management of the local insurance companies accounted for EUR 182,904 million (in 2015);
  • the country is a reputable international financial center, having more than 140 foreign banks operating on its market;
  • money market funds had assets with a value of EUR 291,760 million (last quarter of 2017). 

Private equity in Luxembourg 

If you are interested in private equity in Luxembourg, our financial specialists will offer you professional advice about the regulated (SICAR and SIF) and non-regulated (SOPARFI) types of structures you may open. Our financial representatives can advise on the main advantages of opening a Luxembourg fund under one of these structures.  

For instance, the SOPARFI in Luxembourg can be used as a vehicle through which shareholders will be exempted from the payment of certain taxes. 
If the vehicle qualifies under the double tax treaties signed here, there will be a tax exemption on the payment of capital gains, dividend distribution and 0% withholding tax on dividends paid to the mother company (if this is not the case, then taxes can be charged).  

Company formation in Luxembourg

Our agents in Luxembourg also help foreign investors open different types of companies available in this country, such as: the joint stock company (SA), the limited liability company (SARL), the partnership (SNC), the limited partnership (SCS or SCA) or the cooperative company (SC) etc.

For details about our services, you may contact our local office, where you can receive the necessary information regarding the steps that must be concluded when opening a Luxembourg fund. Our representatives can offer information on the most suitable type of fund investors should select, based on their investment capital and investment plans. 

We also recommend you to contact us in the situation in which you want to register a RAIF in Luxembourg, another type of investment that is available for incorporation in this country. 
This fund can be registered as a common contractual fund (FCP) or as a SICAF/SICAV (investment company with fixed/variable capital). Our team can present the main characteristics of these 3 structures.